CuAPO-5 molecular sieve with multi-stage pore structure was rapidly synthesized by microwave irradiation using succinic acid, choline chloride and tetraethylammonium bromide ternary eutectic as solvent and template. The ratio of the mass ratio of P2O5/Al2O3, HF/Al2O3 and CuO/Al2O3, and the influence of aluminum source and copper source on the synthesis of CuAPO-5 molecular sieve were systematically investigated. The crystallinity, morphology and pore structure of the synthesized products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and N2 physical adsorption and desorption. It was found by SEM that under certain conditions, a CuAPO-5 molecular sieve having a hexagonal nanodisk-like special morphology can be obtained. The physical adsorption, desorption, SEM and TEM analysis of N2 showed that the molecular sieve was a multi-stage aluminum phosphate molecular sieve material with micropores and mesopores.